Cooperative Home Care Inc. et al. v. City of St. Louis Missouri et al.

Case Movement

Case Details

  • Case Status: Decided
  • Docket Number: Case No. 1522-CC10607 Division No. 13
  • Category: Regulatory Overreach

We were tracking the legal challenge to the minimum wage mandates in Kansas City and St. Louis. We are funding the litigation in the St. Louis challenge, but we are not a party to the litigation in either case. The lower courts found that the cities were preempted from having their own minimum wages and the issue went before the Missouri Supreme Court. The Missouri Supreme Court heard oral arguments on October 6, 2016, and ruled on the Kansas City challenge on January 17 and on February 28 on the St. Louis case.

In the Kansas City case, the Missouri Supreme Court held that “proper course is to wait and see if this proposal is enacted (by voters) before considering challenges to an ordinance’s substance or effect. If the voters approve the proposal, a party with proper standing can then sue to enjoin its operation on the ground that the ordinance is invalid.” In the St. Louis case, the Missouri Supreme Court invalidated part of Missouri’s minimum wage law and found no state preemption.


The cases are closed, but lawmakers are moving quickly to implement a fix that would provide a consistent wage in municipalities throughout the state. The legislation may become law in the next couple of weeks and preempt any municipality from passing or enforcing wage, leave, or scheduling ordinances.